Instrumental analysis and laboratory introduction (ILV)

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Course numberB3.06651.10.180
Course codeAnalytik1
Curriculum2019
Semester of degree program Semester 1
Mode of delivery Presencecourse
SPPW6,0
ECTS credits6,0
Language of instruction German

The students are familiar with the basic requirements for carrying out biomedical analysis procedures and gain an overview of the functional sequence in the laboratory. They develop a basic understanding of laboratory hygiene, environmental and worker protection. Students are able to carry out and / or apply basic occupational tasks and methods (such as centrifugation, liquid handling, photometry, potentiometry, weighing and titration, calculation and preparation of solutions and dilutions, handling of chemicals, laboratory goods, etc.). The students can detect simple errors and are able to correct them. An understanding of the biomedical analysis process and its significance for the overall medical process has been developed, and students can describe and reflect on its distinctive elements and occupational tasks. They are familiar with the most common examination materials (whole blood, serum, plasma) and the particularities of obtaining the respective examination materials and are able to independently carry out the venous and capillary blood collection according to a doctor's order and can recognize life-threatening conditions and provide the corresponding first aid. Students can assess which data and parameters are necessary for patient or sample identification, and can properly manage the storage of chemicals, test materials, and reagents.

  • Basic concepts of hygiene, disinfection and sterilization
  • Laboratory hygiene and safety measures, laboratory codes of practice, safety regulations - GHS system, handling of chemicals, disposal of laboratory waste
  • Consumer goods, relevant physical quantities and units, measuring and registering, laboratory equipment (centrifuge, analytical balance, pH meter, photometer, liquid handling, deionization of water)
  • Occupational tasks, methods and processes in the laboratory including the basics of the biomedical analysis process
  • Basic principles of photometry, simple methods of measurement and evaluation options, including error detection and correction
  • Introduction to the preparation of samples, reagents and instruments
  • Analytical weighing, including error detection and correction
  • pH measurement including error detection and correction
  • Calculation and preparation of solutions and dilutions
  • Overview of common specimens (e.g., whole blood, serum, plasma), patient and specimen identification, capillary and venous blood collection in compliance with hygienic conditions, including exercise on the subject
  • Laboratory exercises on photometry, pH measurement, analytical weighing, liquid handling, preparation of solutions, dilutions and sterile media, electrophoresis, agglutination tests, data loggers including documentation, workplace preparation and follow-up
  • Handling and cleaning a workbench

Hallbach J. (2019), Klinische Chemie und Hämatologie: Biomedizinische Analytik für MTLA und Studium, Thieme;
Dörner K. (2019), Klinische Chemie und Hämatologie, Thieme;
Hagemann P. (2014) Präanalytische Fälle, De Gruyter;
Halwachs-Baumann G. (2011), Labormedizin: Klinik - Praxis - Fallbeispiele, Springer;
Gessner A. & Arndt T. (2019), Lexikon der medizinischen Laboratoriumsdiagnostik, Springer;
Books, journals and websites according to the current state of knowledge in the respective fields.

Lectures, laboratory exercises, demonstrations, discussions